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About Endometriosis


Endometriosis commonly involves the female reproductive system, ovaries, Fallopian tubes, uterine surface, pelvic area, and small intestines.

Endometriosis is a painful condition where the tissue (endometrium) that normally lines the inside of the uterus grows outside the uterus and continues to thicken, breakdown and shed with each menstrual cycle. Unlike the menstrual tissues that form monthly inside the uterus and expelled during the monthly period, this endometrial tissue has no exit and can irritate, form adhesions, and damage surrounding healthy tissues.

Common Symptoms

  • Fatigue
  • Gastrointestinal distress (diarrhea, constipation, bloating, nausea)
  • Infertility
  • Pain before and during periods (dysmenorrhea)
  • Pain during sex
  • Pain with bowel movements or urination during periods

Risk Factors

  • The exact cause of endometriosis is unknown, but some factors put you at greater risk.
  • Having a family member who has or had endometriosis
  • Menstrual cycles shorter than 28 days
  • Never becoming pregnant or giving birth
  • Starting your period before age 12
  • Uterine abnormalities

Five Questions with Dr. Orady

Learn More

To learn more about our Obstetricians and Gynecology services, or to make an appointment to see Dr. Orady, call 415.379.2900.

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