Diagnosis of osteoperosis
Your doctor will use a bone density test (also called bone density scan or DEXA) to diagnose osteoporosis. The bone density test is a specialized X-ray that measures the amount of calcium and other minerals in your bone.
Treatment of osteoperosis
There is no cure for osteoporosis, but treatment and lifestyle changes can minimize bone loss and reduce the risk of complications, including fractures.
Your doctor may recommend:
- Low-impact, weight-bearing exercises such as walking, yoga, or riding a stationary bike. These exercises can help maintain bone mass as well as increase overall strength, balance, and flexibility.
- Diet rich in calcium and vitamin D to promote bone tissue formation. Calcium and vitamin D supplements are often necessary to reach the recommended daily values.
- Limiting alcohol and not smoking both alcohol and tobacco cause more rapid bone loss.
- Medications to slow bone loss and treat pain, including bisphosphonates, estrogens (hormone replacement therapy), and calcitonin.
Dignity Health provides whole-person osteoporosis treatment in Arizona, California, and Nevada.