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Expert Diagnosis of Genetic Disorders at Dignity Health - St. Rose Dominican


A genetic disorder is a health condition caused by a faulty gene or chromosome. Genes are passed down from parent to child and contain the instructions for “building” the human body. A change in a gene is called a mutation.

Maternal fetal medicine experts at Dignity Health - St. Rose Dominican diagnose and treat genetic disorders in Las Vegas and Henderson, NV. Call 702.616.4900 or find an obstetrician online with expertise in these types of fetal conditions.

 

Types of Genetic Diseases

Gene mutations and other chromosomal abnormalities can alter how a specific organ works, change how a baby develops, and cause various other health problems.

Common genetic disorders include:
  • Cystic fibrosis. Certain cells produce a thick mucus, which can lead to life-threatening complications.
  • Ataxia. The nervous system cannot control normal muscle movement.
  • Muscular dystrophy. Problems with the skeletal muscles that control movement.
  • Down syndrome. Caused by an extra copy of chromosome 21, which results in changes in facial features, poor muscle tone, and intellectual disability.
  • Sickle cell anemia. A blood disorder caused by abnormal red blood cells and hemoglobin.
  • Rett syndrome. Normal early development and growth followed by declines in intellectual ability and physical movement.

 

Causes of Genetic Disorders

Genetic disorders are caused by a chromosomal abnormality or an unusual gene. A small change in just one gene can affect the function of the body. Most genetic disorders are passed down from parent to child (inherited).

Some genetic disorders are the result of a new, spontaneous gene mutation. The mutation could be present in either the sperm or egg, even though the parent does not have the genetic disorder. New mutations also can occur throughout our lifetime, anytime after a pregnancy begins.

Other genetic disorders are caused by more than one factor (multifactorial). For example, cancer is a multifactorial genetic disorder. People can inherit genes that increase the risk of cancer, but they may not get the disease unless they are also exposed to certain environmental factors.

 

Signs & Symptoms of Genetic Disorders in Las Vegas, NV

Symptoms of genetic disorders vary greatly depending on which parts of the body are affected. Prenatal testing can detect many genetic disorders while your baby is still in the womb. Some genetic disorders do not have any obvious symptoms. These disorders may or may not become a problem after birth. Our obstetricians are ready to help you navigate your pregnancy journey.

Dignity Health - St. Rose Dominican offers maternity services, including testing for genetic disorders, in Las Vegas and Henderson, NV.