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Types of Diabetes


Know Your Type

There are several types of diabetes, but the two main types are type 1 and type 2. In both types there is an insulin problem, but for different reasons.

Type 1 Diabetes

  • The pancreas makes very little or no insulin because the body’s immune system mistakenly destroys the cells that make insulin.
  • Since the body cannot make insulin, those with type 1 diabetes must take insulin throughout each day.
  • Only 5 to 10 percent of people with diabetes have type 1.
  • Type 1 diabetes usually occurs in children, teens, or young adults, but can happen at any age.

Type 2 Diabetes

    • The body cannot use insulin well (insulin resistance).
    • Insulin resistance causes a higher demand for insulin.
    • Higher insulin demand burns out the cells that make insulin, so not enough insulin can be made (beta cell burnout).
    • 90 to 95 percent of people with diabetes have type 2.
    • Type 2 diabetes usually occurs after age 30, but can happen at any age.