Traumatic brain injury

 

Overview of traumatic brain injuries

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when the brain gets shaken within the skull. The effects of a TBI can range from mild to severe. Severe cases of TBI may lead to a coma. Treatment and prevention strategies for TBI include neurocritical care, acute rehabilitation, and promoting a safety-first culture to help prevent TBI.

If you or a loved one is experiencing traumatic brain injury in CA, NV, and AZ, Find a Doctor at Dignity Health. Our team of healthcare professionals includes neurologists and skilled surgeons trained in diagnosing and treating TBI.

Symptoms of traumatic brain injuries

The signs and symptoms of TBI usually follow a known head injury. Symptoms range from a mild headache and temporary confusion to signs of stroke and other severe problems.

Some of the common symptoms of TBI include:

  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Confusion
  • Seizures
  • Convulsions
  • Slurred speech
  • Dilated pupils in one or both eyes
  • Difficulty awakening from sleep
  • Signs of stroke, including one-sided weakness or numbness in the arms, legs, or face

If you have questions about traumatic brain injury in CA, NV and AZ, request an appointment at Dignity Health today.

Causes of traumatic brain injuries

A sudden, forceful impact to the head causes traumatic brain injury. This can occur as a result of hitting your head on something, receiving a blow to the head, falling and hitting your head, or even being forcibly shaken (such as when a seatbelt restrains you in a collision). The simple mechanics of the brain moving inside the skull can lead to serious neurological consequences.

Falls are the leading cause of TBI in people ages 14 and younger and 65 and older. Accidents that cause an object to pierce the skull and enter the brain also cause TBI. The force required to cause a traumatic brain injury is not great. You can experience a TBI even if you show no outward signs of injury, such as bruising, bleeding, or a bump on the skull.