Overview of ovarian tumors
Ovarian tumors are abnormal growths on the ovaries, the female reproductive organs that produce eggs. Ovarian tumors can be cancerous (malignant) or noncancerous (benign).
Many things can make you more likely to develop an ovarian tumor. Our team at Dignity Health will walk you through your initial exam, diagnosis, and any necessary treatments. Find a Doctor today to discuss ovarian tumors in AZ, CA, and NV.
Symptoms of ovarian tumors, cancerous and benign
Symptoms of both benign ovarian tumors and ovarian cancer may include:
- Stomach bloating
- Increased belly size
- Stomach or pelvic pain
- Feeling full more quickly than usual when eating
- Pain during sex
- Vaginal bleeding after menopause
Because the ovaries are located deep in the body, you may not experience any obvious signs or symptoms of an ovarian tumor until the tumor is relatively large. See your doctor as soon as possible if you notice any unusual symptoms.
Causes of ovarian tumors
Researchers and scientists are still working to understand the causes of ovarian tumors. They do know that some things may make you more likely to develop cancerous ovarian tumors, such as:
- Age: Ovarian cancer rates are highest in women ages 55–64.
- Genetic mutations: Mutations of the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes significantly increase a woman’s risk of ovarian cancer.
- Obesity: If you have a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher, you may be at an increased risk of ovarian cancer.
- First pregnancy after age 35: Also at increased risk are women who have never conceived and carried a pregnancy.
- Fertility drugs and hormone treatments: The continuous use of estrogen after menopause can place a woman at additional risk.