Uterine polyps

Overview of uterine polyps

Uterine polyps, or endometrial polyps, are growths of the inner lining of the uterus. These growths can be as small as a seed or as large as a golf ball. Uterine polyps are a common cause of abnormal uterine bleeding and heavy menstrual periods. Approximately 95 percent of polyps in the uterus are benign, while five percent are cancerous or precancerous.

If you experience irregular menstrual bleeding, abnormally heavy menstrual periods, or trouble conceiving, our experienced gynecologists at Dignity Health can perform simple tests to confirm if you have uterine polyps in NV, CA, and AZ. Find a Doctor near you today.

Symptoms of uterine polyps

Doctors do not know exactly what causes uterine polyps. It’s believed that changes in hormone levels may play a role.

You can have uterine polyps and not have any noticeable signs or symptoms. However, signs and symptoms of endometrial polyps can include:

  • Irregular menstrual bleeding
  • Spotting or bleeding between menstrual periods
  • Spotting or bleeding after menopause
  • Abnormally heavy or long menstrual periods
  • Difficulty getting or staying pregnant

Things associated with an increased risk of polyps are:

  • Tamoxifen, a medication used to treat and prevent breast cancer
  • Hormone replacement therapy after menopause
  • High blood pressure
  • Family history of Lynch syndrome or Cowden syndrome, two genetic conditions