Diagnosis of hormone disorders
Hormones are proteins your body makes that help organs and tissues perform specific functions. They control growth, fertility, sexual function, emotions, and your body’s ability to absorb and use nutrients. Hormone disorders are the result of a hormonal imbalance, meaning you have too much or too little of a hormone or hormones.
Common female hormone disorders include:
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): This condition causes irregular periods, ovarian cysts, weight gain, and fertility problems. PCOS affects about one in 10 women of reproductive age.
- Thyroid disease: This includes hypothyroidism (too little thyroid hormone) and hyperthyroidism (too much thyroid hormone). Women are more than five times more likely than men to get a thyroid disorder.
- Hirsutism: This hormone disorder triggers the growth of excess hair, especially in places where women do not usually have much hair.
- Ovarian insufficiency: Also called premature ovarian failure, this disorder occurs when a woman’s ovaries stop working before age 40.
If you have questions about hormonal imbalance, our gynecologists and other women’s health experts at Dignity Health are happy to help. Find a Doctor near you to learn more about hormone disorders in AZ, CA, and NV.
Treatment of hormone disorders
Your treatment and prevention options depend on the type of hormone disorder, the severity of the disorder, and your medical history, age, and reproductive goals. Treatment for hormone disorders may include:
- Lifestyle changes: Losing weight, increasing physical activity, and improving your diet can ease the symptoms of many hormone disorders.
- Medication: Some medicines control symptoms. Hormone replacement therapy restores hormone levels. Birth control pills are used to treat hormone disorders. Doctors may prescribe medication to improve fertility and aid conception.
- Fertility treatment: Fertility specialists help women explore their reproductive options, including in vitro fertilization (IVF).
- Surgery: If a hormone disorder is related to a tumor, doctors may surgically remove the tumor.
Dignity Health diagnoses and treats female hormone disorders in Arizona, California, and Nevada.