Overview of endometriosis

Endometriosis is a female reproductive disorder in which the endometrial tissue that lines the inside of the uterus (womb) is found in other body areas. This tissue may start to grow in the ovaries, bladder, bowel, outside of the uterus, and elsewhere on the inside of your abdomen. Endometriosis causes heavy, painful menstrual periods and infertility.

Symptoms of endometriosis

Endometriosis symptoms are different for every woman. It’s possible to have endometriosis without any noticeable symptoms. The common signs of endometriosis are:

  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Painful menstrual cramps
  • Heavy menstrual bleeding
  • Painful bowel movements or urination during menstrual periods
  • Pain during intercourse

Causes of endometriosis

The exact cause of endometriosis is unknown. It may be linked to your genes, because the condition runs in families. Other possible causes may include previous uterus surgery and immune disorders.