Pelvic inflammatory disease

Diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are the most common cause of PID. Gonorrhea and chlamydia often cause PID.

You do not have to have sex to get PID. Bacteria can travel from the vagina to the reproductive organs and cause a pelvic infection, which leads to PID. Infections of the reproductive tract following surgery can also result in PID. Douching can introduce bacteria into the reproductive system and contribute to the development of the disease.

Treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease

Our health care providers focus their treatment and prevention efforts on maintaining your reproductive health and fertility. Prevention options include:

  • Limiting sexual partners: The more sexual partners you have, the greater your risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and PID. Sexual abstinence or a monogamous relationship with an STI-free partner decreases your risk.
  • Using condoms during sex: Birth control pills or injections can prevent pregnancy, but they do not prevent the spread of infection. Use a condom correctly during vaginal, anal, and oral sex to decrease your risk.
  • Avoiding douching: The vagina is self-cleansing. Douching is never recommended and can cause infection.
  • STI screening: If you are sexually active, get screened regularly for STIs, including gonorrhea and chlamydia. Screening can catch infections before they cause symptoms. Early treatment of STIs may prevent or limit PID.

If you experience pelvic pain or other PID symptoms, schedule an appointment as soon as possible to get started with PID treatment in CA, NV, or AZ.