Fatty liver, also known as hepatic steatosis, is a medical condition characterized by the accumulation of excess fat in the liver cells. This condition can be categorized into two main types:
Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (AFLD): This occurs in individuals who consume excessive amounts of alcohol. Alcohol is metabolized in the liver, and chronic alcohol consumption can lead to the deposition of fat in liver cells, causing alcoholic fatty liver disease.
Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD): NAFLD is more common and is not related to alcohol consumption. It typically occurs in individuals who have risk factors such as obesity, diabetes, high cholesterol, or metabolic syndrome. NAFLD can range from simple fatty liver (steatosis) to more severe conditions like non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and even cirrhosis in extreme cases.
Weight gain and obesity are significant risk factors for the development of NAFLD. When a person gains excess weight, especially in the form of abdominal or visceral fat, it can contribute to the accumulation of fat in the liver. A Dignity Health Medical Group obesity medicine provider can help you understand the cause of fatty liver disease, create a personalized treatment plan, and give you peace of mind through every step of your weight loss journey.