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Hypertension and obesity

Hypertension, commonly known as high blood pressure, is a medical condition in which the force of blood against the walls of the arteries is consistently too high. 

What is the link between hypertension and obesity?

  • Increased blood volume: Excess body fat requires more blood to supply oxygen and nutrients to the tissues. To meet this demand, the heart pumps blood more vigorously, causing an increase in blood pressure.

  • Hormonal changes: Fat cells, especially abdominal fat, produce hormones and cytokines that can affect blood pressure regulation. These hormonal changes can lead to increased blood pressure.

  • Insulin resistance: Obesity often leads to insulin resistance, a condition in which the body's cells don't respond effectively to insulin. Insulin resistance is associated with higher blood pressure.

  • Inflammation: Obesity is linked to chronic inflammation in the body. Inflammatory substances can constrict blood vessels and promote plaque buildup, both of which contribute to hypertension.

  • Sleep apnea (link to new sleep apnea page): Obesity is a common cause of obstructive sleep apnea, a condition where breathing is temporarily interrupted during sleep. Sleep apnea is a known risk factor for hypertension.

  • Kidney function: Obesity can affect kidney function, which plays a crucial role in blood pressure regulation. When the kidneys don't function properly, blood pressure can rise.

Come see an obesity medicine physician today.

With locations across California, Dignity Health Medical Group is just right around the corner. Schedule an appointment today with an obesity medicine provider.

Key obesity-related risks for high blood pressure

Symptoms of obesity-related hypertension

  • Headaches

  • Shortness of breath

  • Chest pain

  • Dizziness or lightheadedness

  • Vision changes

  • Fatigue

  • Nosebleeds

Obesity medicine locations near you

Find a weight loss provider near you

With clinics throughout California, a Dignity Health Medical Group obesity medicine provider is nearby and ready to assist you with your wellness journey.