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Prevention and Screening


Colon cancer is one of the most preventable and treatable forms of cancer when it’s found early. Screening is the #1 way to prevent colon cancer because it finds cancer in the early stages, or, before it even has the chance to grow or develop.

 

Prevention

While screening is the most important step you can take to prevent colon cancer, it’s not the only one. You may be able to reduce your colon cancer risk with some simple lifestyle changes.

  • Eat well.
  • Exercise.
  • Avoid alcohol and cigarettes.
  • Know your family health history.

 

Screening

Colorectal cancer screening is your best weapon against colorectal cancer. Almost all colorectal cancers begin as precancerous polyps (abnormal growths) in the colon or rectum. Such polyps can be present in the colon for years before invasive cancer develops. They may not cause any symptoms. Colorectal cancer screening can find precancerous polyps so they can be removed before they turn into cancer. In this way, colorectal cancer is prevented. Screening can also find colorectal cancer early, when there is a greater chance that treatment will be most effective and lead to a cure.

All men and women should be screened for colon cancer. Individual risk factors – such as ethnicity, lifestyle and family history – will determine when you should start getting checked.

For most adults, it is recommended that colon cancer screening should begin at age 50.

 

More Information

For more information and resources regarding prevention and screening are available from: