On July 12, 1974, the National Research Act (Pub. L. 93-348) was signed into law, thereby creating the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research. One of the charges to the Commission was to identify the basic ethical principles that should underlie the conduct of biomedical and behavioral research involving human subjects and to develop guidelines which should be followed to assure that such research is conducted in accordance with those principles. In carrying out the above, the Commission was directed to consider:
- (i): the boundaries between biomedical and behavioral research and the accepted and routine practice of medicine,
- (ii) :the role of assessment of risk-benefit criteria in the determination of the appropriateness of research involving human subjects,
- (iii): appropriate guidelines for the selection of human subjects for participation in such research and
- (iv): the nature and definition of informed consent in various research settings.
The Belmont Report attempts to summarize the basic ethical principles identified by the Commission in the course of its deliberations. It is the outgrowth of an intensive four-day period of discussions that were held in February 1976 at the Smithsonian Institution's Belmont Conference Center supplemented by the monthly deliberations of the Commission that were held over a period of nearly four years. It is a statement of basic ethical principles and guidelines that should assist in resolving the ethical problems that surround the conduct of research with human subject.
For additional information, please call the East Valley Regional IRB at (480) 728-3582.
Content from the summary provided in The Belmont Report: Ethical Principles and Guidelines for the Protection of Human Subjects of Research.