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An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac on an ovary. Most ovarian cysts are functional cysts that form during the menstrual cycle. These types of cysts are usually noncancerous. In fact, it’s rare to have a cancerous ovarian cyst. In most cases, ovarian cysts are small, and women do not even know they have one. Sometimes, ovarian cysts cause symptoms that require medical attention.
At Dignity Health, our experienced emergency doctors provide thorough treatment for ovarian cyst in Arizona. Use our online InQuicker™ tool to select your estimated arrival time at your nearest Dignity emergency room location.
Symptoms of Ovarian Cyst
Most ovarian cysts do not cause symptoms. When signs and symptoms develop, they may include:
- Pressure in the abdomen
- Pain on one side of the lower abdomen
- Sharp pain that is felt in the shoulder (c)alled referred pain
The pain ranges from dull to sharp and may worsen with certain activities such as sex or bowel movements. Pain may come and go. Nausea and vomiting may also occur.
If a large cyst ruptures, it is a medical emergency because the rupture can cause heavy bleeding. The bleeding can be internal, so you may not see it.
Call 9-1-1 for these symptoms:
- Severe abdominal pain with or without nausea, vomiting, or fever
- Rapid breathing
Causes of Ovarian Cyst
Functional ovarian cysts develop during the normal process of ovulation. Each month, an ovary releases an egg. The egg grows inside a follicle (o)r sac. Normally, the follicle ruptures to release the egg. When this doesn’t happen, the sac continues to grow and forms a follicular cyst.
After the follicle releases an egg, it shrinks into a mass. This is a corpus luteum. The corpus luteum helps make hormones in anticipation of pregnancy. Sometimes, the follicle doesn’t shrink and forms a cyst instead. This is a corpus luteum cyst.
Treating Ovarian Cyst at Dignity Health
Our treatment strategies will depend upon the size of your cyst and whether or not it is causing symptoms.
Most functional ovarian cysts will go away on their own. However, if you get them often, your doctor may recommend hormonal birth control. This form of birth control will prevent you from ovulating, which is when ovarian cysts occur. Surgery may be necessary if the cyst is large or does not disappear. Postmenopausal women or women close to menopause may also need surgery to make sure the cyst is noncancerous.
Dignity Health provides personalized emergency services, including ovarian cyst diagnosis and treatment, in Arizona.