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Lymphoma is blood cancer of the lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell. It develops in the spleen or a lymph node. Lymphoma can spread to other organs, bone marrow, the blood, or other lymph nodes.
There are two main types of lymphoma and many subtypes. The main types are non-Hodgkin lymphoma and Hodgkin lymphoma (Hodgkin’s disease). Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is most common. There is no cure, but people with this type of cancer can live for many years, sometimes without treatment. Hodgkin lymphoma is curable in about 75 percent of people affected.
Find a Dignity Health oncologist who specializes in treating Lymphoma in Arizona using our online Find a Doctor tool or by calling 888.670.6341. We offer cancer care at Chandler Regional Medical Center and Dignity Health – Cancer Institutes at St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center.
Doctors don’t know what causes lymphoma. However, some things can increase your risk of developing the disease, including:
Men are more likely to develop lymphoma than women.
Some people with lymphoma have no symptoms, and the disease is found during testing for an unrelated health problem. However, because cancerous lymphocytes crowd out normal, infection-fighting lymphocytes, many people with lymphoma experience an increased number of infections. Red blood cells can drop, too, leading to anemia.
Symptoms of lymphoma may resemble the flu and common cold. Symptoms often include:
At Dignity Health, we focus on treating the whole person, not just the lymphoma. Your care team includes social workers, spiritual care experts, dietitians, and pharmacists in addition to board certified radiation oncologists, medical oncologists, and surgeons.
Treatment options depend on the type of lymphoma, whether it has spread, and your general health.
For aggressive forms of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, treatment options include stem cell transplant, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and biological therapy. Some types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma grow very slowly. You may not need treatment until the disease progresses.
Hodgkin lymphoma is highly curable with radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Sometimes a stem cell transplant is necessary to replace healthy blood cells.