Cancer in a woman’s reproductive system is called gynecological cancer. Common types include:
- Ovarian, peritoneal, and fallopian tube cancer
- Cervical cancer
- Vulvar cancer
- Vaginal cancer
- Uterine cancer
- Gestational trophoblastic disease, which can be cancerous but is usually noncancerous
Cancers of the male reproductive system are called genitourinary cancer.
Find a Doctor at Dignity Health who specializes in treating gynecological cancer in Arizona. Use our online tool or call (855) 970-2527 to speak with someone today. You offer cancer care at Chandler Regional Medical Center, Mercy Gilbert Medical Center, and Dignity Health – Cancer Institute at St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center.
What Causes Gynecological Cancer?
Risk factors for gynecological cancer vary by type, but your risk increases with age. Infection by the human papillomavirus (HPV) is the main risk factor for cervical cancer. Family history may play a role in the development of some gynecological cancers, such as uterine and ovarian cancer. Exposure to excess estrogen (with or without progesterone) is strongly correlated with the development of uterine cancer.
Dignity Health offers specialized cancer screening for women who are at risk of developing gynecological cancer.
Gynecological Cancer Symptoms
Symptoms of gynecological cancer depend on the organ it affects and the type of cancer. Symptoms can include:
- Pelvic pain or pressure
- Abnormal vaginal discharge or bleeding
- Changes in bowel movement or urination habits
- Back or abdominal pain
- Burning, itching, or skin or color changes of the vulva can occur in vulvar cancer
Gynecological Cancer Treatment at Dignity Health
At Dignity Health, we treat whole person, not just the disease. In addition to board certified radiation oncologists, medical oncologists, and surgeons, your care team will include specialists such as social workers, pharmacists, dietitians, and spiritual care experts. Counseling and classes on healthy diets for women are available and encouraged.
Treatment plans depend on the type and stage of the cancer. Often, doctors combine two or more types of treatment. The best treatment for you will depend on many factors, including your personal preference.
Common gynecological cancer treatments include:
Prevention of gynecological cancer depends on the specific type of cancer. For example, an HPV vaccine may help prevent cervical cancer. Talk with your doctor to learn more.
Dignity Health offers screening and comprehensive treatment for gynecological cancer in Arizona.