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An intracranial hemorrhage is bleeding inside the skull (cranium). The collection of blood puts pressure on the brain, which can lead to rapid brain damage or death.
Intracranial hemorrhage is a life-threatening medical emergency that requires immediate treatment. Call 9-1-1 if you show symptoms.
Arizona’s finest neurological care is available at Dignity Health, including for brain hemorrhage, throughout Arizona. Our Barrow Neurological Institute at St. Joseph’s location has been named a top neurological hospital by US News and World Report. Find a Doctor online.
The signs and symptoms of an intracranial hemorrhage usually come on abruptly. The most common sign is a sudden and severe headache, although this may not always occur, particularly among older people. Other intracranial hemorrhage signs and symptoms are:
Call 9-1-1 immediately if you experience any signs or symptoms of an intracranial hemorrhage.
An intracranial hemorrhage occurs when an artery inside the skull leaks or ruptures. Bleeding in or around the brain is classified further as cerebral (brain) hemorrhage.
The main causes of intracranial hemorrhage are:
Less common causes of intracranial hemorrhage are bleeding disorders (particularly those that require blood-thinning medication) and abnormal arteries or veins (arteriovenous malformations).
Intracranial hemorrhage treatment focuses on stopping the bleeding and reducing brain damage. Your doctor may perform surgery to relieve pressure on the brain or repair the rupture. People with intracranial hemorrhage often receive blood transfusions and medication to help increase blood clotting.
People who survive an intracranial hemorrhage may require rehabilitation if permanent damage has occurred. The faster you get emergency treatment, the better your chances are for a positive recovery.
Prevention of intracranial hemorrhage depends on the cause. While not all factors can be controlled, you can work with your doctor to reduce your risk by taking these steps:
Dignity Health provides personalized care for intracranial hemorrhage in Arizona.