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A bladder infection, also called cystitis, occurs when the bladder or lower urinary tract is contaminated with disease-causing germs. Most often, bacteria is the cause. Women tend to get bladder infections more frequently than men.
For an evaluation or treatment of a bladder infection in the Sacramento region, speak with an experienced Dignity Health gynecologist. We provide a range of effective treatment options to help you get back to life without discomfort. For the services you need, Find a Doctor at Dignity Health.
Bladder infections are often caused when bacteria enters the bladder through the urethra. In most cases, your body disposes of bacteria when you urinate. However, some forms of bacteria get stuck to the walls of urethra or bladder, resulting in an infection.
Women are more likely to develop a bladder infection after sexual intercourse or by using a diaphragm for birth control.
Other things that make you more likely to develop bladder infections are:
Most bladder infections are caused by E. coli, a type of bacteria normally found in the intestines but also seen in contaminated water and foods.
Common signs and symptoms of bladder infections include:
If you experience these symptoms, speak with a Dignity Health gynecologist at one of our six Sacramento-area hospitals for the right diagnosis.
When you visit a Dignity Health gynecologist with an uncomfortable bladder infection, they will assess your symptoms and likely order a urine test, or urinalysis. This test shows any white and red blood cells, bacteria, and certain chemicals such as nitrates that may be present in your urine.
Our treatment for a bladder infection may often include antibiotics (to help prevent the spread of infection to the kidneys), along with medications to ease discomfort.
Drinking plenty of water and, in some cases, cranberry juice (which contains ascorbic acid) can also help flush out bacteria that cause bladder infections.