An STI is a sexually transmitted infection. You may also hear the term STD, or sexually transmitted disease. An STI or STD is a condition that results from a sexually transmitted strain of bacteria, virus, or parasite. It can cause serious health problems, including infertility and cancer. Left untreated, some can be fatal. Women are more likely than men to develop serious complications from sexually transmitted infections.
If you’d like to like to learn more about treatments for STDs in Sacramento or the surrounding areas, the experienced gynecology team at Dignity Health can provide the answers you need. Find a trusted gynecologist today to learn more about your treatment options.
Common STIs/STDs we treat include:
- Pelvic inflammatory disease
- Genital warts (HPV)
Signs and symptoms of STIs/STDs vary according to the type of infection. Common symptoms include:
- Sores or unusual lumps or bumps in the genital area
- Unusual vaginal discharge
- Pain, itching or burning in the genital region
- Painful urination
- Pain during sex
- Enlarged lymph nodes
It is possible to have an STI/STD without any obvious signs or symptoms. For the right diagnosis, consult with a doctor at Dignity Health.
STIs/STDs are caused by sexually transmitted bacteria, viruses, and parasites. They can be spread through oral sex, vaginal sex, anal sex, and sexual touching. Some STIs/STDs can also be passed from a woman to her child during pregnancy and at birth.
Advanced STI/STD Treatment at Dignity Health
Treatment and prevention options for STIs/STDs include vaccination, protected sex, and medical treatment. Prevention and proper treatment of STIs/STDs is important to protect a woman’s overall health and fertility.
Abstinence is one way to prevent STIs/STDs. Safer sex practices, including using barrier protection (such as latex condoms or dental dams) every time you have sex and limiting the number of your sexual partners, can decrease your risk of contracting STIs/STDs. A monogamous sexual relationship with someone who does not have any STIs/STDs can also help prevent infection.
Vaccination can prevent some STIs/STDs. Our doctors can administer vaccinations against hepatitis and human papillomavirus (HPV), which causes genital warts, cervical dysplasia, and cervical cancer.
For many STIs/STDs, medical treatment can cure or control the infection. Some STIs/STDs, such as gonorrhea or syphilis, can be cured with antibiotic treatment. There is currently no cure for herpes, HPV, or HIV, but doctors can prescribe medication to control symptoms and slow the progression of the infection.
With prompt diagnosis and treatment, most STIs/STDs can be cleared up before they cause long-term complications. Schedule regular annual exams and STI/STD screenings with your doctor at Dignity Health for the most prompt, reliable care. As part of our women’s services, Dignity Health offers specialized care to treat STIs and STDs in the Sacramento region.