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An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac or pocket that occurs within or on the surface of an ovary. Many women have ovarian cysts at some point in their lives. Most ovarian cysts go away without treatment within a few months. However, if a cyst has ruptured, it can cause serious symptoms.
At Dignity Health, our expert gynecologists provide a wide range of gynecologic services. If you would like to schedule an appointment to evaluate an ovarian cyst in the Sacramento region, Find a Doctor at Dignity Health.
The main cause of ovarian cysts is ovulation, during which an ovary releases an egg. An egg develops in a cyst-like structure called a follicle. During ovulation, the follicle opens and releases the egg. Sometimes, the follicle does not release the egg but continues to grow. This is called a functional cyst. Another type of functional cyst is a corpus luteum cyst. This type of cyst occurs when the follicle continues to grow after releasing the egg. Functional cysts are harmless, but can cause pain.
You may develop ovarian cysts if you have polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or endometriosis. Using fertility drugs can also make you more likely to develop an ovarian cyst.
In most cases, there are no symptoms associated with ovarian cysts. You might not even know you have one until it is noticed by your doctor on an imaging test (such as an ultrasound).
Common symptoms of ovarian cysts are:
If you’re experiencing these symptoms, visit a gynecologist at Dignity Health to receive the right diagnosis.
Our doctors offer the latest gynecologic treatments for ovarian cysts for your best possible care. Your treatment will depend on the size of the cyst, the type, and whether or not it is causing pain or other health concerns.
We offer the following treatments for ovarian cysts: