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Viral and bacterial infections are infectious diseases. Viruses cause viral infections and bacteria cause bacterial infections.
At Dignity Health, skilled emergency teams provide exceptional care to treat time-sensitive viral and bacterial infections. If you need emergency medical attention for a viral or bacterial infection in Sacramento or a surrounding area, call 911 or go to one of our emergency rooms immediately. Select an estimated arrival time to a Dignity Health ER using our online waiting service, InQuicker™.
Viral and bacterial infections spread in four main ways:
In many cases, the symptoms of viral and bacterial infections are very similar, and it’s often difficult to tell which one is causing the infection. Specific testing, such as a throat swab, is often necessary. Common symptoms of infectious diseases include muscle aches, fatigue, and fever. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea can also occur.
Seek urgent or emergency medical care for:
Dignity Health treats the following viral infections:
Visit a Dignity Health hospital to receive treatment for the following bacterial infections in the Sacramento region:
Our treatment and prevention strategies depend on whether you have a viral or bacterial infection. Antibiotics are the mainstay of bacterial infections. If you have a prescription, be sure to finish the entire course unless your doctor tells you otherwise, even once you start to feel better. This helps prevent resistance — when bacteria learn to overcome the antibiotic.
For some viruses, antiviral medicines are effective. For others, supportive measures are the main treatment. This includes rest, fluids, and over-the-counter medicines to treat symptoms.