COVID-19 Virtual Visits
Awards and Recognitions
Community Health and Outreach
End of Life Option Act
Hospital Fast Facts
Media Policy and Guidelines
Mission, Vision and Values
Sponsorship Request Application
Viral and bacterial infections are infectious diseases. Viruses cause viral infections and bacteria cause bacterial infections.
At Dignity Health, skilled emergency teams provide exceptional care to treat time-sensitive viral and bacterial infections. If you need emergency medical attention for a viral or bacterial infection in Sacramento or a surrounding area, call 911 or go to one of our emergency rooms immediately. Select an estimated arrival time to a Dignity Health ER using our online waiting service, InQuicker™.
Viral and bacterial infections spread in four main ways:
In many cases, the symptoms of viral and bacterial infections are very similar, and it’s often difficult to tell which one is causing the infection. Specific testing, such as a throat swab, is often necessary. Common symptoms of infectious diseases include muscle aches, fatigue, and fever. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea can also occur.
Seek urgent or emergency medical care for:
Dignity Health treats the following viral infections:
Visit a Dignity Health hospital to receive treatment for the following bacterial infections in the Sacramento region:
Our treatment and prevention strategies depend on whether you have a viral or bacterial infection. Antibiotics are the mainstay of bacterial infections. If you have a prescription, be sure to finish the entire course unless your doctor tells you otherwise, even once you start to feel better. This helps prevent resistance — when bacteria learn to overcome the antibiotic.
For some viruses, antiviral medicines are effective. For others, supportive measures are the main treatment. This includes rest, fluids, and over-the-counter medicines to treat symptoms.