Traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when the brain gets shaken or jostled within the skull. TBI can range from mild to severe.
Our board-certified neurologists and other specialists at Dignity Health treat traumatic brain injury treatment in Arizona. Learn more about our comprehensive neurology services at each state-of-the-art location:
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Traumatic Brain Injury Symptoms
The signs and symptoms of TBI usually follow a known head injury. Symptoms range from mild headache and temporary confusion to signs of stroke and other severe problems. The common signs and symptoms of TBI are:
- Slurred speech
- Dilated pupils in one or both eyes
- Difficulty awakening from sleep
- Signs of stroke, including one-sided weakness or numbness in the arms, legs, or face
Causes of TBI
A sudden, forceful impact to the head causes traumatic brain injury. This can occur as a result of hitting your head on an object, receiving a blow to the head, falling and hitting your head, or even being forcibly shaken (such as when a seatbelt restrains you in a collision or when a baby is shaken). The simple mechanics of shaking the brain inside the skull can lead to serious neurological consequences.
Falls are the leading cause of TBI in people aged 14 and younger and 65 and older. Accidents that cause an object to pierce the skull and enter the brain also cause TBI.
The force required to cause a traumatic brain injury is not great. You can experience a TBI even if you show no outward signs of injury such as bruising, bleeding, or a bump on the skull.
TBI Treatment at Dignity Health
Treatment and prevention strategies for TBI include neurocritical care, acute rehabilitation, and promoting a safety-first culture to help prevent TBI.
A neurologist oversees the care of someone who has had a TBI. Specific treatments vary depending on the location and extent of brain damage. A mild TBI such as concussion may involve resting the brain for a period from even minor activities like reading. Treatment for more severe TBI focuses on rehabilitation because there is no way to reverse brain damage. Treatment may include physical therapy, occupational therapy, and psychotherapy. Medical treatment may also include management of complications from the injury.
To reduce your risk of experiencing a TBI, use protective gear to safeguard your head. This includes wearing seat belts, bike helmets, and other sports equipment designed to prevent brain injury. You also can reduce your risk of TBI due to falls by taking care when climbing ladders, wearing stable shoes, and using assistive devices such as canes or walkers if you have trouble with balance.
Dignity Health provides excellent care for traumatic brain injury in Arizona.