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Dementia is characterized by loss of memory and brain function. It is a group of symptoms that several different brain disorders can cause. Common types of dementia include vascular dementia, Lewy body dementia, and Alzheimer’s disease. Parkinson’s disease can also cause dementia.
Find a neurologist at Dignity Health - St. Rose Dominican who specializes in dementia by calling (702) 616-4900 or using our online tool.
Unlike what some people once thought, dementia is not a normal result of aging. Every type of dementia is a disease process. The cause of dementia depends on the type:
Symptoms of dementia vary depending on the specific type. In general, all dementias produce a range of symptoms:
Symptoms may be mild at first and progress to severe. Some types of dementia take a slow, gradual course, while others come on suddenly.
There is no cure for dementia. Doctors and other health care professionals focus on prevention and symptom treatment. Treatments focus on preserving brain function and reducing the severity of symptoms. In general, treatment of dementia may include medications to stabilize mood or improve cognition. Assistance with activities of daily living, such as home health aides who help with dressing, bathing, and more may be necessary as dementia progresses.
Prevention strategies include exercising, eating a heart-healthy diet, and engaging in mentally stimulating activities. Not all types of dementia can be prevented. Researchers believe engaging in brain health activities can reduce the risk of developing some forms of dementia, especially vascular dementia.