Know Your Type
There are several types of diabetes, but the two main types are type 1 and type 2. In both types there is an insulin problem, but for different reasons.
Type 1 Diabetes
- The pancreas makes very little or no insulin because the body’s immune system mistakenly destroys the cells that make insulin.
- Since the body cannot make insulin, those with type 1 diabetes must take insulin throughout each day.
- Only 5 to 10 percent of people with diabetes have type 1.
- Type 1 diabetes usually occurs in children, teens, or young adults, but can happen at any age.
Type 2 Diabetes
- The body cannot use insulin well (insulin resistance).
- Insulin resistance causes a higher demand for insulin.
- Higher insulin demand burns out the cells that make insulin, so not enough insulin can be made (beta cell burnout).
- 90 to 95 percent of people with diabetes have type 2.
- Type 2 diabetes usually occurs after age 30, but can happen at any age.