Vomiting, or throwing up, refers to the forceful discharge of the stomach’s contents through the mouth. Throwing up is usually just unpleasant, but it can cause serious dehydration if it goes on for hours or days. For the elderly, pregnant women, children, and infants, prompt medical attention for severe vomiting can be life-saving.
If you’re not sure whether vomiting is severe enough to go to the emergency room, choose the safest route and seek the advice of a medical professional. If you need to visit the emergency room, use the Dignity Health - St. Rose Dominican online waiting service, InQuicker, to select your estimated arrival time before heading to the ER for severe vomiting in Las Vegas and Henderson, NV.
Severe & Persistent Vomiting Causes
Many things can cause vomiting, from stomach flu to anxiety. Some of the most serious causes of severe vomiting include:
- Food poisoning
- Food allergies
- Poisoning, such as the ingestion of a toxic substance by a toddler
- Gastroparesis (slow stomach emptying)
- Intestinal blockage
- Cancer treatments
- Rotavirus and other serious viruses
If you suspect poisoning as the cause of vomiting, call a poison control hotline or dial 911 immediately.
When is Vomiting Considered Severe or Persistent?
People of all ages vomit for many reasons. A single episode of vomiting often isn’t cause for alarm. However, persistent or severe vomiting requires medical attention if it involves any of these signs or symptoms:
- Accompanied by severe abdominal pain
- Lasts longer than 12 hours
- Stiff neck or headache
- Unable to urinate for more than eight hours (children and adults)
- No wet diapers for more than four hours (infants)
- Blood in the vomit
- Vomit that looks like coffee grounds
- Crying without tears (infants) and children
Treatment for Severe Vomiting at Dignity Health - St. Rose Dominican
Treating and preventing severe or persistent vomiting focuses on treating dehydration, treating the cause, and preventing future episodes of vomiting. Once the cause of the vomiting has been identified, you may be able to take steps to avoid future episodes.
Treating dehydration from vomiting often includes anti-nausea medications and intravenous fluids. Dehydration is a serious side effect of persistent vomiting, especially in the elderly, pregnant women, and children. Treatments may also address the underlying cause of vomiting, such as counteracting poisoning or emergency surgery for appendicitis.
Dignity Health - St. Rose Dominican provides compassionate care for persistent or severe vomiting in Las Vegas and Henderson, NV.