Gynecological cancer affects the tissues and organs of the female reproductive system. Types of gynecological cancer include:
- Ovarian cancer
- Peritoneal cancer
- Vaginal cancer
- Uterine cancer
- Cervical cancer
- Vulvar cancer
- Gestational trophoblastic disease, which can be or benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous)
- Fallopian tube cancer
Dignity Health - St. Rose Dominican oncologists who specialize in women’s health services diagnose and treat gynecological cancer in Las Vegas and Henderson, NV. To request an appointment, Find a Doctor online or call (702) 616-4900. We offer a range of support groups and wellness classes to help you and your loved ones get through this difficult time. Register for a class today.
What Causes Gynecological Cancer?
Health care experts don’t have a full understanding of the exact causes of gynecological cancers. Risk factors vary for each type of gynecological cancer and include:
- Age. The risk of gynecological cancer increases as women get older.
- Family history. Uterine cancer and ovarian cancer tend to run in families.
- Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. HPV is the main risk factor for cervical cancer and other cancers.
- Excess estrogen exposure. Development of uterine cancer is related to estrogen exposure with or without progesterone.
Gynecological Cancer Symptoms
Symptoms of gynecological cancer depend on the organ it affects and the specific type of cancer. Possible symptoms include:
- Pelvic pressure or pain
- Back or abdominal pain
- Abnormal vaginal discharge or bleeding
- Changes in bowel movement or urination habits
Vulvar cancer can cause burning, itching, or changes to the color or skin of the vulva.
Gynecological Cancer Treatment at Dignity Health - St. Rose Dominican Hospitals
Treatment and prevention of gynecological cancer depends on the specific type of cancer. For example, the HPV vaccine is a very effective prevention strategy for cervical cancer. Knowing the signs and symptoms of specific gynecological cancers and your risk factors will help you and your doctor identify and address potential problems.
Treatment also depends on the stage of the cancer. Doctors often combine two or more types of treatments.
Common gynecological cancer treatments include:
- Radiation therapy to shrink tumors and kill cancer cells
- Chemotherapy drugs to stop cancer cells from growing and kill them
- Targeted therapy to destroy cancer by using markers present only on cancer cells
- Hormone therapy to block the action of hormones or reduce levels of hormones in the body
- Gynecological surgery to remove the organ or tumor
Your doctor will tell you about the benefits, goals, and side effects of each potential treatment. The best treatment for you will depend on many factors, including your personal preference.
Dignity Health - St. Rose Dominican offers compassionate care for gynecological cancer in Las Vegas and Henderson, NV.