An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac on an ovary. Ovarian cysts are very common, and oftentimes can disappear without treatment. Sometimes, they require professional medical treatment.
To learn more about your risk for cysts or your options for ovarian cyst treatment in Las Vegas or Henderson, NV, Find a Doctor online or call (702) 616-4900.
Common Symptoms of Ovarian Cysts
Many ovarian cysts do not cause symptoms, and you may not know you have one unless it’s recognized on an imaging test ordered for another reason.
The most common signs and symptoms of ovarian cysts include:
- Abdominal pain (may be sharp or dull)
- Feeling as if you need to urinate or pass a bowel movement
- Nausea and vomiting
- Pain during intercourse
What Causes Ovarian Cysts?
Most ovarian cysts are the result of ovulation, the process by which an ovary releases an egg. Normally, eggs develop in cyst-like structures called follicles. During ovulation, the follicle bursts and releases the egg. Sometimes, the follicle does not release the egg but continues to grow, which is called a functional cyst. Functional cysts are harmless, but can cause pain.
Other causes of ovarian cysts include polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and endometriosis. The use of fertility drugs also increases the risk of developing ovarian cysts. Rarely, an ovarian cyst may be cancerous.
Ovarian Cyst Treatment at Dignity Health - St. Rose Dominican Hospitals
Treatment depends on the size and type of cyst, and whether the cyst is causing pain or other problems.
The most common treatment strategies that we use at Dignity Health - St. Rose Dominican include:
- Monitoring. If your cyst isn’t causing any uncomfortable symptoms, your doctor may suggest rechecking it via ultrasound in a few months. Most ovarian cysts go away without treatment, so, if you’re not in pain, monitoring may be good option.
- Birth control pills. Oral contraceptives will not get rid of an existing cyst, but can help prevent the development of more cysts.
- Surgery. If a cyst is causing discomfort, or has persisted and is growing, surgery may be used to remove the cyst from the ovary. In most cases, doctors can remove ovarian cysts through small incisions in the abdomen and preserve the ovary. If the cyst is large or suspected of being cancerous, your doctor may remove one or both ovaries.
Learn more about your treatment options and our variety of women’s support groups.
Dignity Health - St. Rose Dominican provides many care options for women with ovarian cysts in Las Vegas and Henderson, NV.